Deen me Zaif Hadees daleel nahi banta chahe ho wo Ahkam me ho ya Fazail me ho


daeef hadees

Deen me Zaif Hadees daleel nahi bante chahe ho wo Ahkam me ho ya Fazail me ho..A baat jumhoor Muhaddseen ka Ijma hy…

1) RasoolAllah s.a.w. ke Sahaba se riwayat hai ki Abdullah bin Abbas r.a. Mursal riwayat sunna tak ittefak nahi karte the. [See: Muqaddimah Muslim H. 21, & Al-Nakat ala Kitaab Ibn as-Salaah: 2/553]
–>>Iska matlab ki Abdullah bin Abbas r.a. Mursal Riwayat qubool nahi karte the, agar wo Fazaail me ho fir bhi .
2) Imam Muslim ne ek baar kaha (jiska khulasa hai ki): Zaif hadith kabil e qubool nai hai kisi bhi surat me chahe woAhkaam ke liye ho, ya Targheeb-o-Tarheeb(Fazaail) ke liye .
[Ref: Mudaddimah Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Pg 185, 186 with the Sharh of al-Nawawi 127_ 123/1]

3) Hafiz Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali ne kaha: Imam Muslim ne jo apne kitab ke muqaddimah me kaha hai uska matlab ye hai ki Targheeb-o-Tarheeb (Fazaail) me bhi, hadith ke riwayati wo hone chaiye jo Ehkam(sadik,sachhe riwayatio) se riwayat karte hai . [Sharh Illal al-Tirmidhi Vol 1, Pf 74]

4) Imam Sa’d bin Ibraheem ne kaha: Sirf Siqqah riwayatio ko RAsoolAllah s.a.w. ki hadiths riwayat karni chaiye. [Muqaddimah Sahih Muslim published by Darul-Salam: 31]
Is baat se hame pata chala ki Imam Sa’d bin Ibrahim Zaif aur gair-kabile aeitbar raawio se dalaail nahi lete the .

5)Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi ne kaha ki Ye bilkul jayz nahi hai ki zaif hadith ke binah par amal kiya jaye ya to Fazaail ke muamle me ya dusri surat me . [See Tadreeb al-Raawi, 1/252.]

6) Abu Ishaaq Ibraheem bin Eesa al-Talqani ne ek baar Munqati’ Fazaail ki hadith Abdullah bin al-Mubarak ko riwayat ki, lekin unhone(Abdullah bin al-Mubarak ne) Inkaar kar diya Tankeed(criticize) karte hue . [See: Muqaddimah Sahih Muslim Pg 11]

7) Ibn Lahi’ah ne RAsoolAllah s.a.w. ki ek hadith riwayat ki: “ Jo bhi Asr ke baad sota hai aur apna dimag kho baithta hai to wo apne ap ke siwa kisi aur ko zimmedar na thehrae .”

Marwaan bin Muhammad al-Tatri (Siqqah) ne kaha: Maine Ramzaan me dekha ki Imam Layth bin Sa’d Asr ke baad sone chale gae, isliye hamne unse pucha: “Ae Abu Harith! Ap Asr ke baad kyu so gae? Jabki Ibn Lahi’ah ne riwayat kiya hai Makhool se Aqeel tak ke sanad se, ki RasolAllah ne farmaya:” Jo bhi Asr ke baad sota hai aur apna dimag kho baithta hai to wo apne ap ke siwa kisi aur ko zimmedar na thehrae.”

Imam Layth ne jawab diya: Jo bhi mere liye faydemand hai, mai use Aqeel ki riwayat Ibn Lahi’ah se, ke binah pe nai chor sakta . [Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adi Vol 4, Pg 1463]

Toh hame pata chala ki, Imam Layth bin Sa’d bhi Zaif hadith se riwayat nahi lete the chahe ki wo Fazaail ke muamle me hi kyu na ho.

8) Imam Yahya bin Sa’eed, Imam Zuhri aur Qatadah ki Mursal hadith me kuch bhi nahi gaur karte the ye kahkar “Huwa bi manzilah ar-reeh” Wo hawa(air) jesi hai . [Al-Maraseel by Ibn Abi Haatim Pg 3].

Iska matlab Imam Yahya bin Sa’eed Zaif hadith ko Hujjah nahi samajhte the .

9) Imam Yahya bin Ma’een ne kaha: Zuhri ki Mursal riwayate kuch bhi nahi hai. [Al-Maraseel by Ibn Abi Haatim Pg 3].
Toh Imam Yahya bin Ma’een bhi Zaif hadith ko Hujjah nahi samajhte the .

10) Imam Ibn Hibban ne kaha: Jo Zaif hadith ka zikr karta hai aur us riwayat ka jo maujud hi nahi hai, dono ka barabar hukm hai .(matlab Zaif hadith ka hona ya na hona barabar hai) [Kitab al-Majroheen 328/1]

11) Imam Abu Haatim Ar-Raazi aur Imam Abu Zur’ah Ar Raazi ek baar bahes(discussion) karne lage Witr me haath uthane ke muamle me. Imam Abu Hatim ne ek hadith ka zikr kiya, toh Imam Abu Zur’ah ne raawi Layth bin Abi Saleem pe tankeed (criticize) ki jo ke us hadith me maujood the. Imam Abu Hatim ne dusre Hadith ki zikr ki, toh Imam Abu Zur’ah ne riwayati Ibn Lahi’ah ki tankeed ki.Abu Haatim ne teesre hadith ka zikr kiya, toh Abu Zur’ah ne “Awf” riwayati par tankeed ki. Fir Jab Imam Abu Haatim ne Abu Zur’ah se dalaail mange hath nahi uthane ke toh unhone zikr kiya Anas r.a. ke (sahih)hadith ki, ke RasoolAllah s.a.w. ne kisi bhi dua siwae Istisqaa ki dua ke apne hath nahi uthaye, ye jawab sunne ke baad, Abu Haatim Be-Zuban ho gae . [See: Taarikh Baghdad Vol 2, Pg 76]

Hame ye pata chala ki Imam Abu Zur’ah Zaif hadith se fazaail me bhi dalaail nahi lete tha .

12) Isi tarha Imam Shu’bah bhi saare Zaif ahadith ko inkaar(reject) kar dete the . [See: Tahdheeb al-Kamaal]

13) Imaam ibn Hazm, ‘al-Milal’ me kahte hai: “aur ye jayz nahi hai hamare liye ki ham aesa kahe ki (Zaif aur maudu)hadith aisa kahti hai, ya unpar yakeen kare, ya unse kuch bhi lena .”

14) Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah kahte hai, ‘ aur ye jayz nahi hai ki sahareeah me Zaif hadith par bharosa kiya jaye jo ke na hi Saheeh ho aur na hi Hasan.’

15) Aj ki sadi ke azeem ulma e deen, Shaikh Ahmed Muhammad Shaakir (rahimahullah), jo azeem aur mashhoor Muhaddith hai, wo kahte hai:

Mere Hisab se, ye farz hai, sabhi haalat me, Zaif hadith ki kamzorio ko bayan karna, kyuki agar ham kamzori ka zikr nai karenge to dusre log ye soch sakte hai ki hadith sahih hai, khas taur pe jab wo shaks kisi Muhaddith ki bato se kah raha ho, jiske kahne pe yakeen karna chaiye. Aur usme koi ikhtilaf nahi Zaif hadith ko Ahkaam aur Fazaail me lene ke liye. Balki kisi ke liye koi daleel hi nahi hai ke wo koi bhi hadith logo se qubul kare siwae jo sabit ho jese Sahih ya Hasan . [Sharh Alfiyah al-Suyooti Pg 84]

16) Shaikh Naasir ud-Deen Albani (rahimahullah) ne kaha:

“Duniya ke Purab(East) se lekar pashchim(west) tak, ham mashora(advice) dete hai sabhi musalman bhaiyo ko ke wo Zaif hadith ko bilkul chhor de aur RasoolAllah ki sahih aur sabit hadith ke taraf mude kyuki ye Zaif raawio ke bina koi parwah pe mushtamil hoti hai aur isme zarra barabar bhi jhoot hamare nabi par nahi hoti . “[Muqaddimah Sahih al-Jaami Vol 1, Pg 56].

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