“What is the General Precept for Seeking Nearness to Allah, The Lofty and Majestic”
By The Noble Shaykh Abdul “Aziz ibn Baaz
What is the general precept (guideline) for seeking nearness to Allah, The Lofty and Majestic?
Seeking nearness (tawassul) to Allah through utilization of His Names and Qualities is something that has been legislated for the Muslim, and it is from the means of obtaining a response to supplication; According to the statement of Allah, The Mighty and Majestic:
وَلِلّهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا
“And to Allah belongs the best name, so call on Him by way of them.”
(Surah al-a’raaf 7:180)
As well as what has been affirmed by him صلى الله عليه و سلّمin many narrations from seeking nearness to Allah by way of His Names and Attributes. It has also been legislated seeking nearness to Allah, Glorified is He: by believing in Him, loving Him, and by the rest of the righteous actions.
From that, is having love for the prophets of Allah, His messengers, as well as the believers from amongst His slaves. Also from that is seeking nearness to Allah with righteousness toward the parents, abstaining from committing illegal sexual intercourse, and fulfilling the trust; Due to the authentic narration that has come in the story of the companions of the cave, those who the boulder had closed in upon them and they were unable to move it. There were three of them, and so they supplicated to Allah, Glorified is He, and they sought nearness to Him by way of their righteous actions, so the boulder was removed for them.
Their report has been affirmed in the two sahihs (Bukhari & Muslim). The first of them sought nearness through his righteousness to his parents, the second by his abstention from illegal sexual intercourse after having the ability to do so, and the third by way of fulfilling the trusts for the people who entrusted him. And Allah is the One who grants success!
Translated by: Abu Nasir Saalik ibn Baldwin
ما هو ضابط التوسل بالله جل وعلا؟
التوسل بالله وبأسمائه وصفاته مشروع للمسلم وهو من أسباب إجابة الدعاء؛ لقول الله عز وجل: وَلِلّهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا، ولما ثبت عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم في أحاديث كثيرة من التوسل إلى الله بأسمائه وصفاته.
ويشرع التوسل أيضاً إلى الله سبحانه: بالإيـمان به وبمحبته وبسائر الأعمال الصالحة، ومن ذلك محبة أنبياء الله ورسله والمؤمنين من عباده، ومن ذلك التوسل ببر الوالدين والعفة عن الزنا، وأداء الأمانة؛ للحديث الصحيح الوارد في قصة أصحاب الغار الذين انطبقت عليهم الصخرة، وعجزوا عن دفعها، وكانوا ثلاثة، فدعوا الله سبحانه وتوسلوا إليه بأعمالهم الصالحة فانزاحت عنهم الصخرة، وحديثهم ثابت في الصحيحين، وكان أحدهم توسل ببره لوالديه، والثاني بعفته عن الزنا بعد القدرة، والثالث بأدائه الأمـانة لأصحابها. والله الموفق.